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This is a list of acronyms and some brief descriptions of procedures you may come across on your fertility journey. For more detail on the procedures for Assisted Reproduction, read the article “A-Z of Infertility Treatments”. You can also check out the post around Acronyms for Trying to Conceive, and Medical Acronyms around Fertility.
AI – Artificial Insemination
Where sperm is placed in the female reproductive tract by methods other than through intercourse.
ART – Assisted Reproductive Technology
A general term referring to medical interventions or techniques used to achieve pregnancy.
CASA – Computer-assisted Semen Analysis
Test to determine the quality of semen (for more detail, see Wikipedia)
CCCT, CCT – Clomiphene Citrate Challenge Test (Clomid Challenge Test)
Blood test to check for decreased ovarian reserve. It may be used to determine the most appropriate method of ART.
COH – Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation
Medications are given to encourage the development and release of many eggs in one cycle.
D&C – Dilation & Curettage / D&E – Dilation & Evacuation
A procedure performed after a miscarriage to ensure that all tissue is removed. D&C is performed after early losses, and D&E’s are performed on losses when the pregnancy was further along. Many people use these terms interchangeably.
DE – Donor Egg
Eggs that are donated.
DEIVF – Donor Egg IVF
IVF procedure where donated eggs are fertilised and transferred to the patient.
DPR – Days Post-Retrieval
The number of days after eggs are retrieved for fertilisation.
DPT – Days Post-Transfer
Number of days after fertilised embryos are transferred to the patient. This will be the start of the Two Week Wait (2WW).
FET – Frozen Embryo Transfer
Sometimes people undergoing IVF will choose to freeze some of the eggs that were released during the cycle to avoid having to go through the entire cycle each time, if the procedure is not successful. These frozen eggs are thawed, fertilised and transferred.
GIFT – Gamete Intra-fallopian Transfer
Similar to IVF, but fertilisation occurs within the body. (see A-Z of Infertility Treatments for more detail)
HSC – Hysteroscopy
An inspection (done under anaesthetic) of the uterine cavity to check for any abnormalities.
ICI – Intra-cervical Insemination
‘Unwashed’ sperm is inserted into the cervix through a flexible catheter.
ICSI – Intra-cytoplasmic Sperm Injection
IVF procedure is followed, but after retrieval, single sperm is injected directly into the egg.
IUI – Intra-uterine Insemination
‘Washed’ sperm is inserted into the cervix through a flexible catheter.
IVC – Intra-vaginal Culture
Eggs are kept in an air-free environment, mixed with sperm within a culture and transferred to the patient within an hour of retrieval.
IVF – In-Vitro Fertilisation
Process by which egg cells are fertilised by sperm outside the body, in vitro (Latin for “in glass”) (See A-Z of Infertility Treatments for more detail).
ZIFT – Zygote Intra-fallopian Transfer
Modified version of IVF, with zygotes (eggs) being placed in the fallopian tubes (see A-Z of Infertility Treatments for more detail).